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INCREASE your knowledge regarding the range of common mental health responses following disaster
EMPLOY evidence-based interventions for transient psychosocial difficulties, exacerbations of pre-existing mental health difficulties, and frank mental health disorders
REFER as necessary
Level 2 interventions derive from an existing evidence base regarding interventions that may be usefully provided following traumatic events. These interventions target common forms of emotional distress experienced in the aftermath of disaster as well as common adjustment difficulties. They are often brief or time-limited interventions and can be provided by non-mental health practitioners. While evidence is still building, by targeting psychosocial distress, Level 2 interventions aim to support adjustment, enhance the use of coping strategies and prevent the onset of more serious mental health disorders. Explore our Disaster Recovery Toolkits.
Level 3 interventions, typically provided by psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers, are evidence-based interventions for the treatment of frank mental health disorders. The Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Stress Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex PTSD provide recommendations that reflect current evidence on how to better respond to the needs and preferences of people living with these mental health issues.
The Guide to Disaster Recovery Capitals (ReCap Guide) is a resource for people, organisations and governments engaged in disaster recovery.
It aims to support wellbeing after disasters by providing evidence-based guidance to aid decision making, encouraging strengths-based, holistic and inclusive recovery approaches to recovery.
The guide identifies seven areas of recovery – natural, social, financial, cultural, political, built and human – and emphasises the interconnectedness between these ‘recovery capitals’.View ReCap Guide