This page is part of the Guide to Disaster Recovery Capitals. The seven recovery capitals are deeply interrelated – click through to explore them all.


  1. Emery M, Fey S, Flora C. Using community capitals to develop assets for positive community change. CD Practice. 2006;13:1–19.
  2. Boon H. Investigation rural community communication for flood and bushfire preparedness. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, The. 2014;29(4):17.
  3. Thomas J, Barraket J, Wilson C, Cook K, Louie Y, Holcombe-James I, et al. Measuring Australia’s Digital Divide: The Australian Digital Inclusion Index 2018. 2018;
  4. Aldrich DP. Challenges to Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. 2019 Sep;10(3):306–16.
  5. Bryant RA, Gibbs L, Gallagher HC, Pattison P, Lusher D, MacDougall C, et al. Longitudinal Study of Changing Psychological Outcomes Following the Victorian Black Saturday Bushfires. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2017;DOI: 10.11.
  6. Bryant R, Gallagher H, Waters E, Gibbs L, Pattison P, MacDougall C, et al. Mental Health and Social Networks After Disaster. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2017 Mar;174(3):277–85.
  7. Morgan J, Begg A, Beaven S, Schluter P, Jamieson K, Johal S, et al. Monitoring wellbeing during recovery from the 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquakes: The CERA wellbeing survey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2015 Dec 1;14:96–103.
  8. Gibbs L, Gallagher HC, Block K, Snowdon E, Bryant R, Harms L, et al. Post-bushfire relocation decision-making and personal wellbeing: A case study from Victoria, Australia. In: Adenrele Awotona, editor. Planning for Community-based Disaster Resilience Worldwide: Learning from Case Studies in Six Continents. London and New York: Routledge; 2016. p. 333–56.
  9. Urmson K, Johnston D, Kemp S. Asking for help and receiving support after a disaster. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 2016;20(1):3–14.
  10. Himes-Cornell A, Ormond C, Hoelting K, Ban NC, Zachary Koehn J, Allison EH, et al. Factors Affecting Disaster Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Using the Community Capitals Framework. Coastal Management. 2018 Sep 3;46(5):335–58.
  11. van Kessel G, MacDougall C, Gibbs L. The Process of Rebuilding Human Resilience in the Face of the Experience of a Natural Disaster: A Multisystem Model. IJEMHHR. 2015;17(4):678–87.
  12. Van Kessel, G., Gibbs, L., & MacDougall C. Strategies to enhance resilience post-natural disaster: a qualitative study of experiences with Australian floods and fires. Journal of Public Health. 2014;37(2):328–36.
  13. Gibbs L, Block K, Harms L, MacDougall C, Snowdon E, Ireton G, et al. Children and young people’s wellbeing post-disaster: Safety and stability are critical. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2015;14:195–201.
  14. O’Neill K. Communities at the Heart of Recovery: Reflections on the Government-Community Partnership for Recovery After the 2009 Black Saturday Bushfires in Victoria, Australia. In: Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific. Springer; 2015. p. 119–38.
  15. Stough LM, Sharp AN, Resch JA, Decker C, Wilker N. Barriers to the long‐term recovery of individuals with disabilities following a disaster. Disasters. 2016;40(3):387–410.
  16. Aldrich DP. The power of people: Social capital’s role in recovery from the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Natural Hazards. 2011 Mar 18;56(3):595–611.
  17. Williamson B, Markham F, Weir J. Aboriginal peoples and the response to the 2019–2020 bushfires, Working Paper No. 134/2020. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra; 2020.
  18. Thomassin A, Neale T, Weir JK. The natural hazard sector’s engagement with Indigenous peoples: a critical review of CANZUS countries. Geographical research. 2019;57(2):164–77.
  19. Syphard AD, Keeley JE, Massada AB, Brennan TJ, Radeloff VC. Housing arrangement and location determine the likelihood of housing loss due to wildfire. PLoS ONE. 2012 Mar 28;7(3).
  20. Crompton RP, McAneney KJ, Chen K, Pielke RA, Haynes K. Influence of location, population, and climate on building damage and fatalities due to Australian bushfire: 1925-2009. Weather, Climate, and Society. 2010 Oct;2(4):300–10.
  21. Awada M, Becerik-Gerber B, Hoque S, O’Neill Z, Pedrielli G, Wen J, et al. Ten questions concerning occupant health in buildings during normal operations and extreme events including the COVID-19 pandemic. Building and Environment. 2021;188:107480.
  22. Johnston D, Standring S, Ronan K, Lindell M, Wilson T, Cousins J, et al. The 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquakes: Context and cause of injury. Natural Hazards. 2014 Sep 27;73(2):627–37.
  23. Ulubaşoğlu MA, Rahman MH, Önder YK, Chen Y, Rajabifard A. Floods, Bushfires and Sectoral Economic Output in Australia, 1978–2014. Economic Record. 2019 Mar 15;95(308):58–80.
  24. Kousky C. The Role of Natural Disaster Insurance in Recovery and Risk Reduction. Annu Rev Resour Econ. 2019 Oct 4;11(1):399–418.
  25. Twigg J, Kett M, Bottomley H, Tan LT, Nasreddin H. Disability and public shelter in emergencies. Environmental Hazards. 2011;10(3–4):248–61.
  26. van den Honert RC, McAneney J. The 2011 Brisbane Floods: Causes, Impacts and Implications. Water. 2011 Dec 9;3(4):1149–73.
  27. Banks M, Bowman D. Juggling risks: insurance in households struggling with financial insecurity. Brotherhood of St Laurence; 2017.
  28. Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission. The 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission Final Report Summary. Vol. PP No. 332. Government Printer for the State of Victoria; 2009.
  29. Every D, Richardson R. Building the Disaster Resilience of the Homeless Community. Report prepared by CQ University and the Red Cross in collaboration with VCOSS, NCCARF and ShelterSA for the National Emergency Management Project. 2017;
  30. Every D, Thompson K. Disaster resilience: Can the homeless afford it? Australian Journal of Emergency Management, The. 2014;29(3):52–52.

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This resource has been developed through the Recovery Capitals (ReCap) project.
Artwork on this page by Oslo Davis and Frances Belle Parker.

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