This page is part of the Guide to Disaster Recovery Capitals. The seven recovery capitals are deeply interrelated – click through to explore them all.


  1. Himes-Cornell A, Ormond C, Hoelting K, Ban NC, Zachary Koehn J, Allison EH, et al. Factors Affecting Disaster Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Using the Community Capitals Framework. Coastal Management. 2018 Sep 3;46(5):335–58.
  2. Emery M, Fey S, Flora C. Using community capitals to develop assets for positive community change. CD Practice. 2006;13:1–19.
  3. Jacobs C. Measuring success in communities: The community capitals framework. 2011;
  4. Goodman RD, West‐Olatunji CA. Applying critical consciousness: Culturally competent disaster response outcomes. Journal of Counseling & Development. 2009;87(4):458–65.
  5. Larkin B. Pride and prejudice: LGBTIQ community responses to disaster events worldwide. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, The. 2019;34(4):60.
  6. Dominey-Howes D, Gorman-Murray A, McKinnon S. Queering disasters: On the need to account for LGBTI experiences in natural disaster contexts. Gender, Place & Culture. 2014;21(7):905–18.
  7. Fraser C, Blake D. Valuing Voices: Sex workers’ experiences following the Canterbury earthquakes. Disaster Research Science Report; 2020/01. Wellington (NZ); 2020.
  8. Williamson B, Markham F, Weir J. Aboriginal peoples and the response to the 2019–2020 bushfires, Working Paper No. 134/2020. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra; 2020.
  9. Ton K, Gaillard J, Adamson C, Akgungor C, Ho H. Expanding the Capabilities of People with Disabilities in Disaster Risk Reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2018 Nov 1;34.
  10. Tierney K. Disasters: A sociological approach. John Wiley & Sons; 2019.
  11. VanLandingham MJ. Weathering Katrina: Culture and Recovery among Vietnamese Americans. Russell Sage Foundation; 2017.
  12. Moreton MRJ. A study of four natural disasters in Australia: how the human response to fire, flood and cyclone contributes to community resilience and recovery. 2016;
  13. Kenney CM, Phibbs SR, Paton D, Reid J, Johnston DM. Community-led disaster risk management: A Māori response to ōtautahi (christchurch) earthquakes. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 2015;19(Special Issue):9–20.
  14. Whittaker J, Eriksen C, Haynes K. Gendered responses to the 2009 B lack S aturday bushfires in V ictoria, A ustralia. Geographical Research. 2016;54(2):203–15.
  15. Eriksen C. Gendered Risk Engagement: Challenging the Embedded Vulnerability, Social Norms and Power Relations in Conventional A ustralian Bushfire Education. Geographical Research. 2014;52(1):23–33.
  16. Tyler M, Fairbrother P. Gender, households, and decision‐making for wildfire safety. Disasters. 2018;42(4):697–718.
  17. Molyneaux R, Gibbs L, Bryant R, Humphreys C, Hegarty K, Kellett C, et al. Interpersonal violence and mental health outcomes following disaster. BJPsych Open. 2020;6(1).
  18. Parkinson D. Investigating the Increase in Domestic Violence Post Disaster: An Australian Case Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2019 Jun 1;34(11):2333–62.
  19. Urmson K, Johnston D, Kemp S. Asking for help and receiving support after a disaster. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 2016;20(1):3–14.
  20. Harms L, Gallagher H, Gibbs L, Bryant R, Lusher D, Richardson J, et al. Conceptualising post-disaster recovery: Incorporating Grief Experiences. British Journal of Social Work. 2015;45((suppl 1): i170-i187).
  21. Thompson K, Every D, Rainbird S, Cornell V, Smith B, Trigg J. No pet or their person left behind: Increasing the disaster resilience of vulnerable groups through animal attachment, activities and networks. Animals. 2014;4(2):214–40.
  22. Smith Y, Golomb-Leavitt A. The Loss of a Pet. Pet Loss, Grief, and Therapeutic Interventions: Practitioners Navigating the Human-Animal Bond. 2019;
  23. Block K, Molyneaux R, Gibbs L, Alkemade N, Baker E, MacDougall C, et al. The role of the natural environment in disaster recovery: “We live here because we love the bush”. Health & Place. 2019 May 1;57:61–9.
  24. Boon HJ. Disaster resilience in a flood-impacted rural Australian town. Natural Hazards. 2014 Mar;71(1):683–701.
  25. Williamson B, Weir J, Cavanagh V. Strength from perpetual grief: how Aboriginal people experience the bushfire crisis. The Conversation. 2020;
  26. Aldrich DP. Challenges to Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. 2019 Sep;10(3):306–16.
  27. Thomassin A, Neale T, Weir JK. The natural hazard sector’s engagement with Indigenous peoples: a critical review of CANZUS countries. Geographical research. 2019;57(2):164–77.
  28. Harms L, Abotomey R, Rose D, Woodward Kron R, Bolt B, Waycott J, et al. Postdisaster posttraumatic growth: Positive transformations following the Black Saturday bushfires. Australian Social Work. 2018;71(4):417–29.
  29. Bender B, Metzl ES, Selman T, Gloger D, Moreno N. Creative soups for the soul: Stories of community recovery in Talca, Chile, after the 2010 earthquake. 2015;
  30. Barber R. Making do: Tactical urbanism and creative placemaking in transitional Christchurch, New Zealand. 2013;

Re Cap Org Logos

This resource has been developed through the Recovery Capitals (ReCap) project.
Artwork on this page by Oslo Davis and Frances Belle Parker.

Re Cap Home Button

Contact ReCap

Please contact Phoebe Quinn with any comments or enquiries: (03) 8344 3097, or

To stay updated about the project, you can subscribe below and follow Beyond Bushfires on Facebook and Twitter.

Subscribe to ReCap updates