This page is part of the Guide to Disaster Recovery Capitals. The seven recovery capitals are deeply interrelated – click through to explore them all.


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  2. Jacobs C. Measuring success in communities: The community capitals framework. 2011;
  3. Forbes D, Alkemade N, Waters E, Gibbs L, Gallagher HC, Pattison P, et al. Anger and major life stressors as predictors of psychological outcomes following the Victorian Black Saturday bushfires. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2015;DOI: 10.11.
  4. Morgan J, Begg A, Beaven S, Schluter P, Jamieson K, Johal S, et al. Monitoring wellbeing during recovery from the 2010–2011 Canterbury earthquakes: The CERA wellbeing survey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2015 Dec 1;14:96–103.
  5. King A, Middleton D, Brown C, Johnston D, Johal S. Insurance: Its role in recovery from the 2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquake sequence. Earthquake Spectra. 2014 Feb;30(1):475–91.
  6. Molyneaux R, Gibbs L, Bryant R, Humphreys C, Hegarty K, Kellett C, et al. Interpersonal violence and mental health outcomes following disaster. BJPsych Open. 2020;6(1).
  7. Parkinson D. Investigating the Increase in Domestic Violence Post Disaster: An Australian Case Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2019 Jun 1;34(11):2333–62.
  8. Gibbs L, Gallagher HC, Block K, Snowdon E, Bryant R, Harms L, et al. Post-bushfire relocation decision-making and personal wellbeing: A case study from Victoria, Australia. In: Adenrele Awotona, editor. Planning for Community-based Disaster Resilience Worldwide: Learning from Case Studies in Six Continents. London and New York: Routledge; 2016. p. 333–56.
  9. Van Kessel, G., Gibbs, L., & MacDougall C. Strategies to enhance resilience post-natural disaster: a qualitative study of experiences with Australian floods and fires. Journal of Public Health. 2014;37(2):328–36.
  10. Dibley G, Mitchell L, Ireton G, Gordon R. Government’s role in supporting community-led approaches to recovery. 2019.
  11. Stough LM, Sharp AN, Resch JA, Decker C, Wilker N. Barriers to the long‐term recovery of individuals with disabilities following a disaster. Disasters. 2016;40(3):387–410.
  12. Himes-Cornell A, Ormond C, Hoelting K, Ban NC, Zachary Koehn J, Allison EH, et al. Factors Affecting Disaster Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Using the Community Capitals Framework. Coastal Management. 2018 Sep 3;46(5):335–58.
  13. Tierney K. The social roots of risk: Producing disasters, promoting resilience. Stanford University Press; 2014.
  14. Thomas DSK, Phillips BD, Lovekamp WE, Fothergill A. Social vulnerability to disasters. CRC Press; 2013.
  15. Morrow BH. Identifying and mapping community vulnerability. Disasters. 1999;23(1):1–18.
  16. Ulubaşoğlu M. Natural disasters increase inequality. Recovery funding may make things worse. The Conversation. 2020 Feb 27;
  17. Aldrich DP. Building resilience: Social capital in post-disaster recovery. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 2012. 232 p.
  18. Williamson B, Markham F, Weir J. Aboriginal peoples and the response to the 2019–2020 bushfires, Working Paper No. 134/2020. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Australian National University, Canberra; 2020.
  19. Richardson D, Denniss R. Gender experiences during the COVID-19 lockdown. The Australia Institute. 2020;
  20. Tierney KJ. Businesses and disasters: Vulnerability, impacts, and recovery. In: Handbook of disaster research. Springer; 2007. p. 275–96.
  21. Ulubaşoğlu MA, Rahman MH, Önder YK, Chen Y, Rajabifard A. Floods, Bushfires and Sectoral Economic Output in Australia, 1978–2014. Economic Record. 2019 Mar 15;95(308):58–80.
  22. Whittaker J, Handmer J, Mercer D. Vulnerability to bushfires in rural Australia: A case study from East Gippsland, Victoria. Journal of Rural Studies. 2012;28(2):161–73.
  23. Xiao Y, Wu K, Finn D, Chandrasekhar D. Community businesses as social units in post-disaster recovery. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 2018;0739456X18804328.
  24. Brown C, Stevenson J, Giovinazzi S, Seville E, Vargo J. Factors influencing impacts on and recovery trends of organisations: evidence from the 2010/2011 Canterbury earthquakes. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2015;14:56–72.
  25. Seville E, Stevenson JR, Brown CO, Giovinazzi S, Vargo J. Disruption and resilience: How organisations coped with the Canterbury earthquakes. GNS Science; 2014.
  26. de Vet E, Eriksen C, Booth K, French S. An unmitigated disaster: shifting from response and recovery to mitigation for an insurable future. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. 2019;10(2):179–92.
  27. Kousky C. The Role of Natural Disaster Insurance in Recovery and Risk Reduction. Annu Rev Resour Econ. 2019 Oct 4;11(1):399–418.
  28. Banks M, Bowman D. Juggling risks: insurance in households struggling with financial insecurity. Brotherhood of St Laurence; 2017.
  29. Blake D, Marlowe J, Johnston D. Get prepared: Discourse for the privileged? International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2017 Oct 1;25:283–8.

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This resource has been developed through the Recovery Capitals (ReCap) project.
Artwork on this page by Oslo Davis and Frances Belle Parker.

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