Effective treatments for depression are available, and include counselling, medication, or a combination of both.
Counselling – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
The most effective treatment for depression is a counselling approach known as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). During CBT treatment you will learn how your own thoughts (how you think) and actions (what you do) can lead to you feeling depressed.
CBT helps you tackle the two main problems that stop you feeling better:
- being unable to do the things you used to enjoy and that give meaning to your life
- having unhelpful views about yourself, other people and the world around you
How will CBT help me?
During your counselling sessions you will learn how to:
- recognise your unhelpful thoughts that are making you feel depressed
- challenge your thoughts so you can get a more balanced view of yourself, other people, and your daily life experiences
- develop confidence in managing the day-to-day stresses that get you down
- get back to doing the things that you enjoy and into a regular routine of activities
- use a range of different strategies to help manage your moods
Counselling – Interpersonal Therapy
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) is another approach that is effective in helping people manage their depression. IPT helps you understand how the way you communicate and connect with other people in your life (work, family, friends and others) might contribute to your depression. IPT aims to reduce the symptoms of depression by teaching you skills to better manage your relationships with others.
In some cases, CBT or IPT might be combined with anti-depressant medication to help you manage your feelings. If you choose not to have counselling, or a CBT or IPT counsellor is not available for you to see, you may be prescribed anti-depressant medication on its own.